Along Golden Wires.
Trolleybuses in Arnhem
Langs Gouden Draden.
The title of the book published to celebrate
Trolley 2000, the 50th anniversary of the trolleybus in the Dutch
City of Arnhem. Arnhem looked into the idea of adopting the
trolleybus before the war and , but before they could do anything
the city was invaded. During the war, the tramway system was
completely destroyed and motorbuses were used to temporarily
replace the trams. Rather than rebuilding the tramways, the city
ordered trolleybuses and on the 15th September 1949 at 1:30pm the
city held the official opening of the trolleybus system with the
route from Oranjestraat to Velp. Being in the east of the
Netherlands, Arnhem is unusually hilly and so the trolleybuses
show their advantages to a good extent.
The vehicles are currently
run by Connexxion, the national bus company, and until 2000 carried
the slogan "ARNHEM TROLLEYSTAD" on the side to proclaim Arnhem's
unique status as the only "Trolleybus City" in the Netherlands,
the other 3 systems having closed at around the same time as
the demise of the trolleybus in the UK. This was replaced by
"ARNHEM BLIJFT TROLLEYSTAD" for Trolley 2000, which loosely
translates to "Arnhem is staying Trolleybus City" some vehicles
carrying "ARNHEM BLIJFT TROLLEYSTAD NOG 50 JAAR", which is a promise
for another 50 years. It has been rumoured that Connexxion is
looking to consolidate some of its operations by going for dual fuel
vehicles, which can operate for short distances on auxiliary diesel
engines to allow extensions of routes beyond the wires. These types
of vehicles are very common in mainland Europe and Arnhem has run a
Ghent Van Hool dual fuel trolleybus for evaluation. Arnhem currently
runs a mixture of both rigid and articulated trolleybuses. As in
Ghent, sometimes motorbuses stray onto the trolleybus routes.
The wiring in the city centre is quite complex and there are several
frogs in the Willemsplein and the bus station as most routes
converge onto these two areas. All frogs are automatic as all
trolleybuses are driver only.
The ticketing system is the Nationale
Strippenkaart, which uses a simple ink stamp with the zone number,
week number, day and time to the next quarter of an hour. The whole
country is split into zones and for any journey, you have to stamp
your ticket to cancel one strip for the basic tariff and one for
each zone you travel in, including changing from one route to another.
You can even use one ticket to cover more than one person, provided
the correct number of strips are cancelled. The ticket is valid for
1 to 6 hours, depending on the number of zones.
I visited Arnhem in August 2001 and June 2002 and managed to capture
a few photographs of this rather impressive
Alteveer terminus, bound for Velp.
Like many routes, line 3 is a cross-city route.
The building houses a coffee machine for the drivers.
Close up of the vehicle at Alteveer
The turning circle at Alteveer
Parked up at the depot
Wires crossing the Rhine
The foundation stone of the original depot.
The depot itself has been expanded greatly,
but the original frontage has been preserved
The bus station at Arnhem railway station.
The "knitting" at the depot. The strange looking boxes
make up one of the automatic frogs.
The wiring is too low to operate double deck vehicles.
An example of the Strippenkaart. The strips have been used for
several trips, most in the trams, using the automatic machines.
Click Here for the Full Site Index
A Brief History of Wolverhampton Corporation Transport
The Story of the Forgotten Trolleybuses
Trolleybuses in Ghent
About The Author
Visit my main site
Click here to mail me :-#)
Wolverhampton trolleybus No 74, a Guy BTX with Guy bodywork, the
Black Country Museum in Dudley has No 78, which is identical. It was
discovered in a field in Ireland and returned to the museum for
This page is not
intended to print - your browser may attempt to print white text
on a white background